How to Build a Balkon: A Comprehensive Guide

Creating a beautiful and functional outdoor space is a desire shared by many homeowners. One way to achieve this is by building a balcony, or as it is called in German, “balkon bauen.” A balkon is an elevated platform that extends from the side of a building, providing a space to enjoy fresh air, stunning views, and even grow a small garden. In this article, we will explore the process of building a balkon, from planning and design to the construction and finishing touches.

1. Planning Your Balkon

Before embarking on any construction project, careful planning is essential. When it comes to building a balkon, consider the following:

  • Legal requirements: Check with your local building authority to understand any regulations or permits needed for constructing a balkon. This will ensure that your project is compliant with safety standards and building codes.
  • Budget: Determine your budget for the balkon, including materials, labor, and any additional features you may want to incorporate.
  • Size and location: Assess the available space and decide on the size and location of the balkon. Consider factors such as sunlight exposure, privacy, and accessibility.
  • Design: Research different balkon designs that align with your preferences and architectural style of your home. Take note of any specific features or materials you would like to incorporate.

2. Designing Your Balkon

The next step in building a balkon is the design phase. This is where you can unleash your creativity and envision the final look of your outdoor space. Consider the following aspects:

  • Style and aesthetics: Determine the overall style and aesthetics of your balkon. Do you prefer a modern, minimalist design or a more traditional and ornate look?
  • Materials: Choose the materials for your balkon based on their durability, maintenance requirements, and visual appeal. Popular options include wood, metal, and composite materials.
  • Layout and features: Decide on the layout of your balkon, including the placement of seating areas, plants, and any additional features such as a pergola or a privacy screen.
  • Lighting and accessories: Consider incorporating lighting fixtures and accessories to enhance the ambiance of your balkon. This can include string lights, lanterns, or even a small outdoor fireplace.
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3. Construction Phase

Once you have finalized the design, it’s time to bring your balkon to life. Here are the key steps involved in the construction phase:

  • Foundation and support structure: Ensure that the foundation of your building is strong enough to support the additional weight of the balkon. Consult with a structural engineer if necessary.
  • Frame and decking: Construct the frame of the balkon using the chosen materials. Install the decking, which can be made of wood, composite, or other suitable materials.
  • Handrails and balustrades: Install handrails and balustrades around the edges of the balkon to ensure safety. These can be made of various materials such as metal, glass, or wood.
  • Waterproofing and drainage: Apply a waterproofing membrane to the balkon surface to prevent water damage. Ensure proper drainage to avoid pooling or water seepage.
  • Finishing touches: Apply finishes such as paint or stain to enhance the appearance of your balkon. Consider weather-resistant coatings to protect against the elements.

4. Maintaining Your Balkon

Once your balkon is complete, regular maintenance is essential to ensure its longevity and functionality. Here are some tips for maintaining your balkon:

  • Cleaning: Regularly sweep or hose down your balkon to remove dirt, leaves, and debris. Use mild soap and water for deeper cleaning, avoiding harsh chemicals that may damage the surface.
  • Inspect for damage: Periodically inspect the balkon for any signs of damage, such as loose boards, rusted metal, or cracks. Address any issues promptly to prevent further deterioration.
  • Sealing and staining: Depending on the materials used, consider resealing or restaining your balkon periodically to protect it from moisture and UV damage.
  • Plant care: If you have incorporated plants in your balkon, ensure they receive adequate sunlight, water, and nutrients. Prune and remove dead or diseased plants as needed.
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Building a balkon can significantly enhance the value and enjoyment of your home. By following the steps outlined in this guide, from careful planning and design to construction and maintenance, you can create a beautiful and functional outdoor space. Remember to comply with local regulations, consider your budget and preferences, and choose quality materials for a long-lasting and visually appealing balkon.


1. How long does it take to build a balkon?

The duration of building a balkon depends on various factors, such as the complexity of the design, size, and availability of materials. On average, it can take anywhere from a few weeks to a couple of months to complete the construction.

2. Can I build a balkon on any type of building?

In most cases, a balkon can be built on various types of buildings, including single-family homes, apartments, and commercial structures. However, it is important to consult with a professional to ensure the building can support the additional weight and comply with safety regulations.

3. How much does it cost to build a balkon?

The cost of building a balkon can vary greatly depending on factors such as the size, materials used, design complexity, and labor costs in your area. It is recommended to obtain multiple quotes from contractors and suppliers to get an accurate estimate for your specific project.

4. Do I need a permit to build a balkon?

Permit requirements for building a balkon vary depending on your location. It is advisable to check with your local building authority to determine if a permit is required. Failing to obtain the necessary permits may result in fines or legal issues.

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5. Can I build a balkon myself, or do I need professional help?

The decision to build a balkon yourself or hire professionals depends on your level of expertise, experience, and the complexity of the project. While it is possible to build a simple balkon with basic carpentry skills, more intricate designs may require the assistance of professionals, such as architects and contractors.


Building a balkon can transform your living space by providing a functional and aesthetically pleasing outdoor area. By carefully planning, designing, and constructing your balkon, you can create a space that reflects your personal style and enhances your overall quality of life. Remember to consider local regulations, budget constraints, and maintenance requirements to ensure a successful and enjoyable balkon bauen experience.

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